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Alkyl halides - Mechanism of nucleophilic substitution. Level 2

Some more features of mechanism of nucleophilic substitution in alkyl halides

Nucleophilic Substitution mechanism

The lone pair from chlorine atom is delocalised, since the adjacent atom has a p-orbital.

The C-Cl.bond is stronger, hence nucleophilic substitution is difficult.

No delocalisation of the lone pair since there is no p-orbital pathway.

The C-Cl bond is of normal strength, hence nucleophilic substitution is possible

Mechanism of nucleophilic substitution
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