1. Give the structure of compounds which give a positive Iodoform test and have the following characterisitics.
(An aldehyde or ketone which has a methyl group adjacent to the carbonyl group will give a positive test.)
An alcohol with four carbon atoms
2) Give the structure of compounds which do not give a positive Iodoform test and have the following characteristics.
a) An aldehyde.
b) A cyclic ketone
c) An aromatic aldehyde
a) 3-Pentanone has a methyl and a carbonyl group,
still does not give a positive Iodoform test.
This is because the methyl group and the carbonyl groups should be next to each other, which is not the case in 3-Pentanone ( CH3CH2COCH2CH3)
1-Propanol does not give a positive Iodoform test.
The group necessary should be CH3CHOH-. In 1-Propanol this group is not there (in 2-Propanol this group is there and hence it gives a positive test)
Formation of Iodoform can be used as a test to
detect a methyl ketone while formation of
chloroform cannot be used.
Iodoform is a yellow solid and can be observed in the test while chloroform is a colourless liquid and cannot be noticed.
Write the equations for the preparation of the following carboxylic acids through haloform reaction.
The HI formed is neutralised by NaOH. Also the acid can be generated from its carboxylate salt by using HCl.
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